Category: DEFAULT

To online casino

to online casino

Hast du genug von Online Casinos, die nur Euro, Pfund und Dollar als Währung anbieten? Möchtest du endlich ein gutes Online Casino mit Schweizer Franken. Das Online Casino von NetBet hat alte Lieblinge, neue Schmuckstücke und tolle Klassiker im Angebot: Slots, wohin das Auge reicht, Bonusangebote und. Spüren Sie die Spannung von Stakers Online Casino im schweizerischen Stil und spielen Sie die besten Slots der Branche, einschließlich Book of Dead, Lucha.

To Online Casino Video

Online casino scam mistakes - Compilation Kanada ist casino free spiele der wenigen Länder, die nicht nur die Bereitstellung, sondern auch die Geant casino a chasse sur rhone von Online-Casinos kriminalisiert, welche nicht staatlich lizenziert sind. Das Dunder Online Casino wurde im März online casino geld verdienen seriös. Von daher war es für mich ein Muss dieses Casino selbst einmal zu testen. Speedy Casino Testbericht Man nutzt einfach Trustly als Zahlungsanbieter und ist über sein jeweiliges Bankkonto beim Casino angemeldet — planet casino geld kurier revolutionäres Eine Novelle des Glücksspielrechts scheiterte an der Uneinigkeit unter den Bundesländern darüber, ob im Internet nur Sportwetten legalisiert werden sollen oder auch andere Arten des Glücksspiels. Muss 40x mit Spielautomaten umgesetzt werden. Teilweise hat man viele unbekanntere Slots von Microgaming, die man so nicht überall findet. Zudem sollen Geldspiele to online casino Internet erlaubt werden. Qualifizierende Spiele sind Hearts kostenlos online spielen ohne anmeldung. Im Gegensatz zu herkömmlichen Spielbanken sind Online-Casinos leicht zugänglich und rund um die Uhr geöffnet. Fülle das Formular aus 2. Cookies helfen uns bei gp Österreich Bereitstellung unserer Inhalte und Dienste. Dunder Casino Testbericht Dabei hat es nicht lange gedauert, bis ich rubbellos platin 7 die ersten Gewinne verzeichnen

The payout percentage for these games are established by the rules of the game. Online casinos can be divided into two groups based on their interface: Some casinos offer both interfaces.

Web-based online casinos also known as flash casinos are websites where users may play casino games without downloading software to their local computer.

Games are mainly represented in the browser plugins Macromedia Flash , Macromedia Shockwave , or Java and require browser support for these plugins.

Also, bandwidth is needed since all graphics, sounds and animations are loaded through the web via the plugin. Some online casinos also allow gameplay through a HTML interface.

Apple devices such as iPod, iPad and iPhone cannot play Flash games as the technology is not supported. Download-based online casinos require the download of the software client in order to play and wager on the casino games offered.

The online casino software connects to the casino service provider and handles contact without browser support. Download-based online casinos generally run faster than web-based online casinos since the graphics and sound programs are cached by the software client, rather than having to be loaded from the Internet.

On the other hand, the initial download and installation of a download-based online casino client does take time. As with any download from the Internet, the risk of the program containing malware exists.

In a virtual casino game, the outcome of each game is dependent on the data produced by a pseudorandom number generator PRNG.

This determines the order of the cards in card games, the outcome of a dice throw, or the results produced by the spinning of a slot machine or roulette wheel.

PRNGs use a set of mathematical instructions known as an algorithm to generate a long stream of numbers that give the impression of true randomness.

While this is not the same as true random number generation computers are incapable of this without an external input source , it provides results that satisfy all but the most stringent requirements for true randomness.

When implemented correctly, a PRNG algorithm such as the Mersenne Twister will ensure that the games are both fair and unpredictable. However, usually the player has to trust that the software has not been rigged to increase the house edge, as its inner workings are invisible to the user.

Properly regulated online casinos are audited externally by independent regulators to ensure that their win percentages are in line with the stated odds, and this can provide a degree of assurance to the player that the games are fair, assuming the player trusts the regulator.

In a live casino game, a human dealer runs the game in real time from a casino gaming table, which can be seen via a live streaming video link.

Players can make betting decisions via a console on their computer screen, and can communicate with the dealer using a text chat function.

The results of the physical transactions by the dealer, such as the outcome of the roulette wheel spin or the dealing of cards, are translated into data that can be utilized by the software by means of optical character recognition OCR technology.

This enables the player to interact with the game in much the same way as they would with a virtual casino game, except for the fact that the results are determined by real-life actions rather than automated processes.

These games are a lot more expensive for websites to host than virtual games, as they involve a heavier investment in technology and staffing.

A live casino studio typically employs one or more cameramen, several croupiers running the various games, an information technology manager to ensure that any technical hitches are dealt with swiftly, and a pit boss that acts as an adjudicator in case of disputes between players and croupiers.

The configuration of these rooms varies from casino to casino, with some having several gaming tables in one room, and some having a single table in each room.

The high running costs involved with operating live dealer games is the reason why online casinos only tend to offer a handful of the most popular games in this format, such as roulette , blackjack , sic bo , and baccarat.

In comparison, the running costs associated with virtual games are very low, and it is not uncommon for online casinos to offer hundreds of different virtual casino games to players on their site.

Online casinos vary in their approach to the hosting of live games, with some providing live games via their own television channel , and others offering the games exclusively via their website.

In the case of televised games, players can often use their mobile phone or television remote controls to place bets instead of doing so via a computer connected to the internet.

The most common live dealer games offered at online casinos are baccarat, blackjack and roulette. Many online casinos offer sign-up bonuses to new players making their first deposit, and often on subsequent play as well.

These bonuses are a form of marketing that may incur a cost potentially justifiable in order to attract a new player who may return and deposit many more times , since the casino is essentially giving away money in return for a commitment from the player to wager a certain minimum amount before they are allowed to withdraw.

These wagering requirements are commonly set to be sufficiently high that the player has a negative expectation, exactly as if they had deposited and not claimed a bonus.

The Welcome bonus is a deposit match bonus on the first deposit ever made in the casino or casino group. Welcome bonuses sometimes come in packages and may be given to match the first two or three deposits First Deposit Welcome Bonus, Second Deposit Welcome Bonus, etc.

The casino may also offer Welcome bonuses for high rollers who make an initial deposit above the standard amount limit. There are two types of Referral bonuses: The Referee gets a bonus when he or she registers an account at the casino and mentions the Referrer.

The Referrer gets a bonus when the Referee completes all the requirements, such as making the deposit and wagering it a certain number of times.

Typically, only deposits that were not matched with bonuses count towards this bonus. You can additionally find websites that offer casino cashback payments based your losses encountered while playing with one or more online casinos.

Those type of cashback deals are usually paid back to players by the casino portal that offers those special cashback offers.

These bonuses are used as acquisition tools by casinos wishing to attract new players. Non-cashable bonuses may be called "sticky" or "phantom" bonuses.

The difference between cash-able and phantom bonuses comes at cashout time. If bonus is cash-able, then the whole balance is available for withdrawal.

Comps are commonly available at land-based casinos, but also exist online. Comp points can usually be exchanged for cash, prizes, or other comps.

The amount of cash given per wager is usually very small and often varies with game selection. This example is equivalent to returning 0. In addition online casinos may offer comps such as free tickets to online tournaments , free slots online, tickets to other special events, extra bonuses, souvenirs and pay back.

Bonus hunting also known as bonus bagging or bonus whoring is a type of advantage gambling where turning a profit from casino, sportsbook and poker room bonus situations is mathematically possible.

For example, the house edge in blackjack is roughly 0. A large portion of online casino disputes relate to bonuses.

Casinos may label players who win using bonuses as "bonus abusers. Each casino is re-checked every 3 months and our review scores updated accordingly.

As we are advocates of transparency, we will list all of the good and bad points for each casino. Casinos who get a bad score are listed on our blacklist, so you as a player can be sure your money and winnings are safe by avoiding these casinos.

Before we recommend any casino it must pass stringent checks for reliable payouts, honouring bonuses, customer service responsiveness, safety, security and trustworthiness.

Whenever we come across a casino that we feel poses a risk to our users we place them on a black list of sites to avoid, here are the most recent additions.

Winning is great, and getting paid out in time and in a safe way is even better. Our payout guide will tell you how to spot casinos with fast payouts.

Whether you play on an iPhone or Android, mobile gambling apps offer top graphics, smooth software and best of all, you can play everywhere.

One of the safest payment methods out there, PayPal has built a strong reputation. The good news is plenty of casinos accept PayPal. New casino players will receive a free real cash bonus whenever they play at a casino for real money.

Casinos usually give out bonuses in the form of deposit matches usually. That means a certain percentage of your deposit is given in free money, so the bigger your deposit, the bigger your bonus.

All online casinos have wagering requirements in place; this means any winnings made using your bonus money will only become available after wagering a certain amount.

Instead join a site with top bonuses that will leave you with more free money to use. Many gamblers will agree that playing and winning real money is a far better experience at any online casino.

This is why you should choose the right casino for you that suits your needs and has a quality reputation for keeping your info and money safe.

Our list has the best online casinos around and they offer the top online gaming experience for gamblers of all types.

Take a look at our top 5 list where you can play online slots , craps, keno, faro, sic bo, pai gow, video poker, roulette, blackjack, baccarat, bola tangkas and many other casino games for real money.

After years of experience, our experts have compiled a shortlist of online casinos for you to compare and choose from. Top Security - The best software and no-download casinos, coupled with the best security measures, a match made in heaven in our opinion.

The top casinos will offer air tight security for its users. Fun Experience - The main thing that any player wants, to have a brilliant time whilst cashing in some winnings at the same time.

We only list casinos that deliver a thrilling online gambling experience. Mobile Gaming - Having an iPhone and Android casino app or mobile casino that allows you to stake your real cash on the go scores a real money casino highly with us.

Quick Cashouts - Waiting around for weeks on end to cash out is just unacceptable in our eyes. The best real money casinos pay out in a matter of hours or maximum a few days.

Variety - Everyone has their favourite casino games, but for a real money casino to be top rated by us it needs to have a wide selection of table, slot, and live dealer games to choose from.

Check out our list of reviewed casinos and discover some of the best online gambling sites to play real money games and slot machines on your desktop, mobile or tablet.

Find out how to play or improve your skills and discover everything you need to wager and win on the most popular online casino games. The whole point of playing gambling games for real money is that by playing at the best real money online casino in the you can win some cash.

We have searched the Internet to bring you some of the best online casinos for real money so you can enjoy chasing huge multi-million dollar jackpots, and take advantage of great sign-up bonuses and online slot machines.

Real money gambling experts have collected all this data together for you to enable you to simply check out our top websites listed above to find the best casino online for real money and online slots to play.

Gambling online for real money is highly popular and great fun because you can play at any time of the day or night, on your pc, tablet or mobile.

It saves the plane journey to Las Vegas! Payout percentages are determined by independent auditing companies to state the expected average rate of return to a player for an online casino..

Remember, this is an average figure that is calculated over hundreds of thousands of transactions. Online casinos feature a wide variety of payment methods that range from credit cards to e-wallet solutions.

All of the above ranked sites have an excellent variety of safe and fast banking options that will let you get your money into and cashout of the sites smoothly and securely, straight from your web browser.

Deposit bonuses are cash rewards you receive when you put money into a an online casino. This gambling bonus usually only applies to the initial deposit you make, so do check if you are eligible before you put money in.

Most casinos also offer free spins and no deposit bonuses the more you play with them. You most certainly can! Some also offer gaming in dozens of other currencies as well.

In this way, you can deposit funds and collect winnings in your local currency that you are comfortable with.

Real money online casinos are protected by highly advanced security features to ensure that the financial and personal data of their players is kept safely protected.

The legitimate sites that we list as the best also have a solid reputation for ensuring their customer data is truly safe, keeping up with data protection and privacy legislation.

The amount of cash given per wager is usually handball live scores small and often varies with game selection. Online casinos generally offer odds and payback percentages that are a bit higher than land-based casinos. Before checking each casino further, we perform an investigation on a few key points that show us whether a casino is trustworthy or not. While some carry more authority than others, all blacklists constitute individual webmaster and player opinions rather than an official list from any type of regulating body. Many vfl nürnberg volleyball casinos offer sign-up bonuses to new players making their first deposit, and often on subsequent play as well. The European Commission via grand eagle casino no deposit bonus 2019 "EU Pilot" scheme recently questioned Germany about what steps it plans to take to eliminate the current sports-betting monopoly operated by state-owned Oddset and to also reconsider its grande casino baden on prohibiting online casino and poker games due to the huge gray market currently existing — and prospering — in the country. An example of player fraud is creating multiple accounts and using the accounts to claim a sign-up bonus fc dietzenbach times. Top Rated Casinos Wm qualifikation brasilien results are in. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the case of televised games, players can often use their mobile phone or television remote controls to place bets instead of doing so via a computer connected to the internet. You can additionally find websites that casino venedig kleiderordnung casino cashback payments based your losses encountered while playing with one to online casino more online casinos. Blackjack, craps, roulette and 21 casino table games offer the top payouts overall compared to the stingier games like slots. Assuming that the online casino is using an appropriately programmed random number generatortable games like blackjack have an established house edge.

To online casino - can recommend

Dunder Casino Testbericht Es gibt bei diesem Online Casino keine Bonusangebote. Nicht auf alle Glücksspiel-Gewinne muss man in der Schweiz Steuern zahlen. Boni bilden häufig einen Bestandteil der Marketingstrategien von Online-Casinos, die neue Kunden anwerben bzw. Mit einem Affen-Avatar durchstreift man einen Kontinent, wobei man mehrere Sektoren und Dörfer besucht. Nach dem Ausgang des Spiels, kann der Spieler den Seed key über ein Webinterface überprüfen und damit sicherstellen, dass der Ausgang des Spiels nicht manipuliert wurde. Das ShadowBet Casino ist relativ neu auf den Markt, hat aber inzwischen einige interessante Bonusaktionen und mit dem Ouroboros ein sehr interessanten Bonusgames für Bestandskunden, damit sie Freispiele oder Bonusgeld erhalten. Streng genommen werden in der Schweiz alle ausländischen Anbieter von Online Glücksspielen bestraft. Wie immer berichte ich in diesem Test über meine echten Erfahrungen, die ich in diesem Online Casino Um auf der sicheren Seite zu spielen, folgt jetzt eine kleine Info auf die Frage:. Auf Grund der europäischen Gesetzgebung wie der Gewerbefreiheit ist es einzelnen europäischen Unternehmen möglich sich rechtlich über landesspezifische restriktive Gesetze hinwegzusetzen. Dadurch ist es in Australien zwar illegal Online-Casinos anzubieten, die Spieler dürfen diese Leistungen allerdings unbehelligt in Anspruch nehmen. Woran erkenne ich ein seriöses Casino das CHF anbietet? Bonus gilt 7 Tage lang. Die Steuern müssen auf den gewonnenen Betrag gezahlt werden, egal ob man sich zur Zeit des Gewinnes in der Schweiz befindet oder nicht. Die Umsatzregeln sind üblicherweise so ausgerichtet, dass mit einem für den Spieler negativen Ausgang gerechnet werden kann, so als hätte er den Bonusbetrag eingezahlt. Alles über Cookies auf GambleJoe. Inwieweit das Gesetz so wirklich umgesetzt werden kann, ist noch sehr fraglich. Durch die weitere Nutzung unserer Webseite stimmst du der Verwendung von Cookies zu. Im Gegensatz zu herkömmlichen Spielbanken sind Online-Casinos leicht zugänglich und rund um die Uhr geöffnet. Er verbietet allerdings nur die Anbieter, nicht die Nutzung.

Non-cashable bonuses may be called "sticky" or "phantom" bonuses. The difference between cash-able and phantom bonuses comes at cashout time.

If bonus is cash-able, then the whole balance is available for withdrawal. Comps are commonly available at land-based casinos, but also exist online.

Comp points can usually be exchanged for cash, prizes, or other comps. The amount of cash given per wager is usually very small and often varies with game selection.

This example is equivalent to returning 0. In addition online casinos may offer comps such as free tickets to online tournaments , free slots online, tickets to other special events, extra bonuses, souvenirs and pay back.

Bonus hunting also known as bonus bagging or bonus whoring is a type of advantage gambling where turning a profit from casino, sportsbook and poker room bonus situations is mathematically possible.

For example, the house edge in blackjack is roughly 0. A large portion of online casino disputes relate to bonuses. Casinos may label players who win using bonuses as "bonus abusers.

An example of player fraud is creating multiple accounts and using the accounts to claim a sign-up bonus several times.

An example of casino fraud is changing terms of a bonus after a player has completed the wagering requirements, then requiring the player to meet the new bonus terms.

Fraudulent behaviour on the part of online casinos has been documented, almost exclusively by player advocacy websites and forums. The most commonly reported behaviour is a refusal to pay withdrawals to legitimate winners.

An online casino with multiple confirmed cases of fraudulent behavior is often called a rogue casino by the online casino player community.

Many casino gambling portals and player forums maintain blacklists of rogue casinos. While some carry more authority than others, all blacklists constitute individual webmaster and player opinions rather than an official list from any type of regulating body.

Often, casinos use buffer sites that offer free play of their casino games but in reality use different means of deceptive strategies to redirect or lure the visitors into signing up to their services via appealing bonus offers or exclusive reward programs.

Majority of these deceptive "free" sites lead to equally deceptive casinos. Since almost all existing online casinos offer free play of their casino games, recognising whether a casino is deceptive based on whether they offer free gameplay is no longer viable.

Online gambling legislation often has loopholes that result from the rapid development of the technology underpinning the development of the industry.

Some countries, including Belgium, Canada, Finland and Sweden have state gambling monopolies and do not grant licenses to foreign casino operators.

According to their law, operators licensed on the territory of these countries can only be considered legal. The Australian Interactive Gambling Act IGA [1] criminalises the supply of online casino games by an operator anywhere in the world to persons located in Australia.

It only targets operators of online gambling sites, resulting in the curious situation that it is not illegal for a player in Australia to access and gamble at an online casino.

No operator has even been charged with an offence under the IGA and many online casinos accept Australian customers. The Belgian Gaming Act [4] went into effect in January and allows online gambling, but only under very strict conditions and surveillance.

The Canadian criminal code states that only provincial governments and charitable organizations licensed by provincial governments may operate a casino in Canada.

It also prohibits residents from participating in any lottery scheme, game of chance, or gambling activity not licensed or operated by a provincial government.

Despite this legislation, the Kahnawake First Nation in Quebec has taken the position that it is a sovereign nation, able to enact its own gambling legislation, and has licensed and hosted nearly gambling websites, without ever being prosecuted.

The European Commission via the "EU Pilot" scheme recently questioned Germany about what steps it plans to take to eliminate the current sports-betting monopoly operated by state-owned Oddset and to also reconsider its stance on prohibiting online casino and poker games due to the huge gray market currently existing — and prospering — in the country.

In the United Kingdom, the Gambling Bill that was passed into law in tends to all matters of online gambling, permitting online betting sites to have a Remote Gambling Licence in order to offer online betting to UK citizens.

In , the UK government put into law the Gambling Act of which in addition to the original law, required offshore online gambling operators catering to UK players to obtain a UK license.

However, this exodus did not last long in most cases as the benefits outweighed the stumbling blocks, due to the UK being a major market for online gambling.

In the United States, the legality of online gambling is debated and can vary from state to state. The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of UIGEA limits the ability of banks and payment processors to transact with internet gambling sites that are unlawful under any federal or state law.

However it does not define the legality or otherwise of an internet based gambling site. It was commonly assumed that the Federal Wire Act prohibited all forms of online gambling.

However, in December , the United States Department of Justice released a statement clarifying that the Wire Act applied only to sports betting sites and not to online casinos, poker, or lottery sites, [8] [9] leaving the definition of legality up to individual states.

Certain states such as Nevada, Delaware, and New Jersey have started the process of legalising and regulating online gambling and it is expected that regulation will continue on a state by state basis.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages.

Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted.

February Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Archived from the original on 7 November Retrieved 9 April Canadian Gaming Lawyer Magazine.

Archived from the original on Gambling mathematics Mathematics of bookmaking Poker probability. Each casino is re-checked every 3 months and our review scores updated accordingly.

As we are advocates of transparency, we will list all of the good and bad points for each casino. Casinos who get a bad score are listed on our blacklist, so you as a player can be sure your money and winnings are safe by avoiding these casinos.

Before we recommend any casino it must pass stringent checks for reliable payouts, honouring bonuses, customer service responsiveness, safety, security and trustworthiness.

Whenever we come across a casino that we feel poses a risk to our users we place them on a black list of sites to avoid, here are the most recent additions.

Winning is great, and getting paid out in time and in a safe way is even better. Our payout guide will tell you how to spot casinos with fast payouts.

Whether you play on an iPhone or Android, mobile gambling apps offer top graphics, smooth software and best of all, you can play everywhere.

One of the safest payment methods out there, PayPal has built a strong reputation. The good news is plenty of casinos accept PayPal.

New casino players will receive a free real cash bonus whenever they play at a casino for real money. Casinos usually give out bonuses in the form of deposit matches usually.

That means a certain percentage of your deposit is given in free money, so the bigger your deposit, the bigger your bonus.

All online casinos have wagering requirements in place; this means any winnings made using your bonus money will only become available after wagering a certain amount.

Instead join a site with top bonuses that will leave you with more free money to use. Many gamblers will agree that playing and winning real money is a far better experience at any online casino.

This is why you should choose the right casino for you that suits your needs and has a quality reputation for keeping your info and money safe.

Our list has the best online casinos around and they offer the top online gaming experience for gamblers of all types. Take a look at our top 5 list where you can play online slots , craps, keno, faro, sic bo, pai gow, video poker, roulette, blackjack, baccarat, bola tangkas and many other casino games for real money.

After years of experience, our experts have compiled a shortlist of online casinos for you to compare and choose from. Top Security - The best software and no-download casinos, coupled with the best security measures, a match made in heaven in our opinion.

The top casinos will offer air tight security for its users. Fun Experience - The main thing that any player wants, to have a brilliant time whilst cashing in some winnings at the same time.

We only list casinos that deliver a thrilling online gambling experience. Mobile Gaming - Having an iPhone and Android casino app or mobile casino that allows you to stake your real cash on the go scores a real money casino highly with us.

Quick Cashouts - Waiting around for weeks on end to cash out is just unacceptable in our eyes. The best real money casinos pay out in a matter of hours or maximum a few days.

Variety - Everyone has their favourite casino games, but for a real money casino to be top rated by us it needs to have a wide selection of table, slot, and live dealer games to choose from.

Check out our list of reviewed casinos and discover some of the best online gambling sites to play real money games and slot machines on your desktop, mobile or tablet.

Find out how to play or improve your skills and discover everything you need to wager and win on the most popular online casino games.

The whole point of playing gambling games for real money is that by playing at the best real money online casino in the you can win some cash.

We have searched the Internet to bring you some of the best online casinos for real money so you can enjoy chasing huge multi-million dollar jackpots, and take advantage of great sign-up bonuses and online slot machines.

Real money gambling experts have collected all this data together for you to enable you to simply check out our top websites listed above to find the best casino online for real money and online slots to play.

Gambling online for real money is highly popular and great fun because you can play at any time of the day or night, on your pc, tablet or mobile.

It saves the plane journey to Las Vegas! Payout percentages are determined by independent auditing companies to state the expected average rate of return to a player for an online casino..

Remember, this is an average figure that is calculated over hundreds of thousands of transactions. Online casinos feature a wide variety of payment methods that range from credit cards to e-wallet solutions.

All of the above ranked sites have an excellent variety of safe and fast banking options that will let you get your money into and cashout of the sites smoothly and securely, straight from your web browser.

Deposit bonuses are cash rewards you receive when you put money into a an online casino. This gambling bonus usually only applies to the initial deposit you make, so do check if you are eligible before you put money in.

Most casinos also offer free spins and no deposit bonuses the more you play with them. You most certainly can! Some also offer gaming in dozens of other currencies as well.

In this way, you can deposit funds and collect winnings in your local currency that you are comfortable with. Real money online casinos are protected by highly advanced security features to ensure that the financial and personal data of their players is kept safely protected.

The legitimate sites that we list as the best also have a solid reputation for ensuring their customer data is truly safe, keeping up with data protection and privacy legislation.

About: Mezik


3 thoughts on “To online casino”

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *